Getting Started With 3D Printing


Did you ever play with legos as a child and wish you could do more? The MakerBot 3D printer makes your dream a reality. All you need is a 3D printer (like Schreiner Logan Library’s MakerBot). The MakerBot 3D printer will be on display at the Schreiner Achievement Showcase this year for students to see in action. Students will be able to observe the process of a print as it makes its way from a computer file, to a physically rendered object. The MakerBot printer heats plastic to high temperatures in order to build the 3D computer models, which the prints are based off of.

Student prints will be on display at the table, as well as a sign-up sheet for the upcoming ScholarBots Club. The club will focus on how to use basic 3D software, create 3D models, how to print models, and how the 3D printer works. All majors are encouraged to join and participate in this exciting new technology. If you aren’t sure about joining the club, sign up and we can send you more information! If you can’t wait to see the MakerBot in action, check out the Logan Library’s 3D Print video. This video features a 3D chair being printed from start to finish, in just under two minutes!



Art from a Different Perspective

Students: Karli Fischer, Shana Martin, and Nicholas Newland

This will be a presentation.

The time and effort put into the art we see every day is often misinterpreted and misunderstood. This presentation will show an in-depth investigation into the time effort put into three different art domains.

Nonverbal Communication in RuPaul’s Drag Race

Student: William Bowman

This paper explores the nonverbal communication that is used by ‘drag queens’ in Season 3 of the television show RuPaul’s Drag Race, a competition for men that dress and act like women who compete to see who best portrays a woman. The nonverbal communication of two of the competitors from the first episode are compared to their nonverbal communication in the final episode to demonstrate the changes and improvements that the two competitors made to more effectively portray a woman to win the competition. Research was done to define the types of nonverbal communication that was observed that was used by the two competitors focusing on kinesics, physical appearance, and vocalics. The method of observation used by the researchers is described and the results of the changes and improvements are in the nonverbal communication are explained.

The Relationship between Shooting Form and Free-throw Accuracy in Female Youth Basketball Players

casseyStudent: Cassandra Garza

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between shooting percentages and shooting techniques in high school girls. Forty high school female basketball players will be recruited from Kerrville Tivy High School through ads. The participants will be grouped into four groups according to their grade level. The following variables related to shooting techniques will be measured: feet position, body posture, hand position, elbow flexion, elbow extension, follow-through angle, and trajectory of the ball.

Each individual will be recorded on a video camera from different angles to visually analyze the shooter’s form. The predicted results indicated that shooters with a more consistent shooting technique that included a follow-through angle between 51 and 54 degrees will exhibit better shooting accuracy. Based on the analyses of various shooting forms, a “proper” shooting technique will be proposed based on the feedback from the shooter’s measurements. The participants will benefit from this current study as the authors will provide correction. Specifically, the shooters with lower shooting accuracy will improve and eventually be able to detect their mistakes.

In conclusion, the significance of this study will be related to coaching and players’ performances. The main reason for this study is having a consistent shooting form will allow players to be more versatile. The research study will revolutionize the future of women’s basketball. The sooner players learn a proper way to shoot a basketball, the quicker they will be able to play at a higher competitive level. Once a valid shooting technique is discovered, coaches will be able to focus more on this aspect and get better performances from the players. The population of high school girl’s basketball will benefit greatly due to having a reliable shooting technique for the future of their careers.

The Search for Better Energy

Students: Joey Johnson, Rebecca Strimple, Raul Alvarado, Samantha Turner

Our world is involved in an eager and desperate search for alternative fuels. Not only are our fossil fuels running dangerously close to empty, we have also found that the carbon emissions from our current energy sources are devastating the world in which we live. The United States is the world’s largest carbon emitter when we look at he numbers as per capita. This is a disturbing idea, especially when one considers the state of our ozone and the risks that climate change are bound to bring. This being said there are many promising alternative sources of energy that the United States is involved in generating today. Some of these include solar power, wind energy, geothermal energy, ethanol gas, and nuclear power plants.

There are many promising aspects to these alternative sources of energy. Solar power is cheap to operate once constructed and makes no noise. Wind turbines generate energy without the use of fuel, only the wind itself which is, of course, free. Geothermal energy produces energy from holes in the ground so it also does not require fuel to make energy. Ethanol is a good alternative to the gasoline that is quickly being depleted. And lastly, nuclear energy provides the United States with a good deal of energy even though it is expensive.

Each of these alternative energy sources has its downfalls, but one stands out strongest against the rest: nuclear energy. While nuclear energy has more dangerous aspects than the rest, its positive attributes distinguish itself from the rest. Power plants costs millions to build, but we found that within a few years of operation they pay for themselves in the energy they produce. Nuclear power plants produce more energy than all of the others combined which obviously makes it the most promising of our current choices.

Seven Myths of Alternative Energy

Students: Lindsay Fox, Manny Longoria, Jennifer Topping, Miguel Hernandez, Andrew Rouse

We depend on energy every day, doing even the simplest task, because of this the world has been depleting its natural resources that we use for energy. Consequently, this has been destroying the planet in which we reside. Scientists now all agree that we need to find a solution to this problem before we damage the environment even further.

Now the question is: How and where do we find this solution? Many solutions have been suggested, but will these solutions help our environment or will they, reversely, continue to destroy it? In our proposal we will go over the seven myths to the alternative for energy. Each myth will be analyzed and determined whether it could be a possible solution or not. Reasons for our conclusions will be backed by research done on the possible dangers that each proposes from the perspective of not only America, but also other countries as well such as China. By doing this we will come up with the best possible solution to the energy problem.

Invasive Species

Students: Seth Reed, Julia Hernandez, Kenneth Ramos, Maria Ponce Salazar

This proposal is to address the problem of invasive species globally. An invasive species as defined by Mexico’s National Strategy on Invasive Species is, “A species or population that is not native and it is found outside of its natural distribution range… and threatens the native biological diversity, economy or human health.” The Asian Carp and the Feral hogs are invasive species found in the United States, but The United States is not the only country facing the problem of invasive species. Countries like Mexico, China and India are dealing with the same problem. Mexico is dealing with the North American Bullfrog, China and Europe are being threatened by the Red Crawfish which is extinguishing many native species, and India’s carrier pigeon, origanily from Europe, is causing building and monument damage as well as health hazards.

Proposed solutions are available. For example, China and Europe have proposed requiring cargo ships to empty ballasts at sea, and not in harbors. Problems and solutions will be studied and researched more in depth to gain further knowledge of this global issue that is affecting our ecosystems and biodiversity.

Nuclear Weapons

jgalindo12_small2Students: Jessica Galindo, Colby Adolph, Kara Rivas, Ivan Benitez

Unbeknownst to many people who fear the subject of nuclear weapons, the United States was the first country to drop the nuclear bomb. The atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb were nuclear weapons used at the end of World War II. Nuclear warfare arose after these bombs were dropped. These nuclear weapons are very powerful and can destroy a whole city. Composed of fission and fissile material, when a nuclear bomb explodes, it gives off thermal radiation, nuclear radiation, and shock waves due to the chemical composition of the subatomic reactions involved. This can have some effect on people as well as the environment itself. These destructive weapons are extremely expensive, yet countries are still willing to spend excessive amounts of money to obtain them.

Due to their global popularity, nuclear weapons threaten every country on Earth and precautions should be taken to ensure their proper use. A possible solution to manage nuclear weapons is to spread awareness and education to all countries by having “Learn Peace” programs taught to schools and universities worldwide. Nuclear weapons are on the rise. In the following proposal, adequate research is reported regarding certain aspects of nuclear weapons including the effects on the environment and on people, cost of the weapons, and what possible solution lies in guaranteeing their safekeeping. The method in which this research is carried out includes employing current published literature on the topic in its various forms.

Climate Change

Students: Brianna Benzinger, Charis Sultemeier, Shelby Kimmons, Stefaney Baker

The intention of this presentation is to educate people on the effects and dangers of climate change, and to propose potential solutions to alleviate the damages caused by such changes. We will cover local impacts and issues, as well as the global impacts and issues. We hope to provide a potential solution to reduce climate change and the impact it has not only through the Kerrville residents, but through the Texas population, the United States population, the North American population, and the world population.


The Relationship between an Injury, the Psychological Aspect of Recovery and the Time it Takes Athletes to Return to Competition

Student: Lindsay Fox

There is sufficient amount of research that shows that stress and the time it take to recover from an injury are directly related. The study that will be discussed will take a look at not only how stress affects an injury, but also other psychological aspects that can are also related to the recovery of an injury. An injury is defined as anything that requires an athlete to miss at least one day of practice or at least one game. The purpose of this experiment is to test the relationship between athlete’s injuries, the psychological aspect of the recovery and the time it takes to recover from that injury.

Fifteen participants ages 18-24 will be recruited from Division III collegiate athletes that had an injury occur during their season and had to rehabilitate for it. Each participant will be given a survey to fill out assessing their confidence in their play before the injury took place and after the injury had recovered. The survey will have general questions related to their individual stress levels in their daily activities, their confidence with their injury on the field or court and also whether they are type of personality they are (type A, B or C). In addition, each participant’s length of recovery will be kept to track the amount of time it took for them to recuperate. The expected results show that the participant’s stress levels affect how long it takes for them to recover and also that once they recover it took them longer for them to feel confident in rehabilitated injury.

Opponents in Battle: An Observation in Multi-Channel Communication

brenaStudents: Brena Roberts, Katherine Cherniss

This research utilizes non-participatory field observation methodology to investigate the multi-channeled communication surrounding opponents in a competitive situation. The competition observed was money stakes billiard tournaments. Two pool tournaments, one in a city and one in a rural town were chosen to compare and contrast the contextual elements of nonverbal communication. Four specific body codes were analyzed: kinesics, oculesics, proxemics, and haptics. Discussion focuses on how nonverbal body codes differ within certain contexts and what gender differences exist in competition. The most prominent finding, regardless of sex, was the intensification of body code displays as the competition eliminated competitors up the tournament bracket.

Troubleshooting A Solvent Assay For Triclosan Quantification

Students: Elizabeth Fawcett, Jasmyn Rosser, Elliot Frey

Triclosan is pesticide marketed as an antibacterial used in hand washes and other household products. Its popularity, as an antibacterial, in medical facilities started in the 1970’s and then spread to consumer products in the 1990’s through protective coating on children’s toys. It is currently regulated by the EPA, but there has been a push for tighter standards in recent years. As a more recently discovered antibacterial, triclosan’s long term effects on the environment are not well documented. This is a concern, as most triclosan is simply washed down the drain and, due to its chemistry, is most likely not removed in waste water treatment. This leads to trace amounts of triclosan being introduced back into the environment without knowing the potential harm.

There is a need to develop an analysis for triclosan that can quickly and efficiently determine triclosan’s environmental concentrations. For this analysis, a proper solvent for the triclosan should be selected so that it can be isolated and tested for. Research was conducted using gas chromatography (GC) to determine the appropriate solvent. Three different aprotic solvents, acetone, 2-butanone, and dimethylsulfoxide, were tested by spiking samples with environmental concentrations of triclosan and developing a respective standards curve. These solvents were selected because they have differing boiling points, an important factor in GC analysis. The standard curve created for each solvent was tested for data fit. The curve with the best fit will be selected for further analysis and soil sampling will soon commence thereafter.

Approaching Composition

Student: Shana Martin

How to approach composition from a form and analysis stand point. The process of composing is different for everyone and therefore yields varying results. I will be submitting this original composition to perform and speak on the ways that I approach composition and how they affect the products come about as a result by discussing the technique and comparing and contrasting the form that I used.

Youth Empowerment Through Health and Wellness: A Public Health Initiative

childhood obesity blogStudent: Jana DeJesus

Childhood obesity is a growing public health crisis the developed and undeveloped world faces today. The WHO reported that in 2008, 40 million preschool age children were considered overweight. In the US alone, 17% of adolescents are obese according to the Centers for Disease Control. Yet, despite its significant prevalence, obesity is a preventable disease. According to a model from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010, obesity is a multi-faceted problem heavily dependent on an individual’s personal choices, their environment, and personal background. Based on this model, the solution lies in modifications of behavior and social ecology.

In an effort to address the incidence and prevalence of childhood obesity, a community-based program was developed for the Boys and Girls Club of Bandera. The goal focuses on two of the “Calls to Action” outlined by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010: “Set the stage for lifelong healthy eating, physical activity, and weight management behaviors,” and assembly of “An environment that supports and facilitates healthy behavior changes, with cultural sensitivity…” The program will run for six weeks, featuring biweekly sessions: one focusing on a specific health and wellness topic and a second dedicated to an interactive cooking demonstration. Recipes each week will feature vegetables grown in a concurrent community garden project developed by Dr. Ruth Grubesic.

To assess program impact, a group survey will be conducted at the beginning of the program. This survey will address both expected program outcomes and existing “norms” related to nutrition and physical activity. A follow-up survey will be conducted at the end of the program and compared to initial results. The topics of nutrition, environmental health, hygiene, and physical activity will be targeted over the six weeks. Ultimately, the program will aim to provide the children with memorable lessons for future lifelong decisions.

Securing Our Energy Resources: Solar Energy

Students: Kevin Reder, Chelsea Ensinger, Christopher Salazar, Madeleine Talarico

The purpose of this proposal is to discuss the benefits of initiating a global effort to increase the use of solar energy around the world. There are many benefits that can come from this proposal. The main benefit being so the world could shift their energy dependence onto a renewable resource as opposed to the current dependence on nonrenewable resources (coal, natural gas, and crude oil). Another benefit would be to help combat the growing damages to the environment. Currently, the world is in the middle of a climate change crisis that without major action is going to permanently damage our earth and surrounding atmosphere. Along with the increase in global warming, using nonrenewable resources pollutes our air and water, harms wildlife and plants, and creates toxic waste.

Though a positive alternative, there are some disadvantages that create large obstacles for solar energy research, one major obstacle being the cost. Along with the high price, the solar energy market is still so new, it makes it hard to entice people to invest in it because of its instability. Without people being able to easily participate due to the price and the insecure market, there is a low initiative to increase solar energy in the world. The public’s negative mindset needs to change about solar energy so there can be more improvements made and at a more rapid pace thanks to funding and interest. There needs to be changes made to alleviate our dependence on foreign non-renewable resources and solar energy can be the answer.

The Evolution of the American Dream

Student: Andrew Bell

This paper explores the genesis of the American Dream and how it has evolved throughout the course of history. This research will examine the overthrow of England’s government, and which documents were examined to help form the concept of the American Dream in the Declaration of Independence. Furthermore, this paper explores different time periods ranging from the early 1900’s to 2000’s in order to determine how individuals have perceived the American Dream over time, and how society and culture has shaped the idea of the American Dream. In order to determine perception of the American Dream, research will examine political party influence, presidential influence, television, home ownership, famous speakers, and income. To conclude the paper, a review of the American dream will be conducted for 2012 in order to reveal how strong individuals believe the American Dream is today.

Building Communication Bridges through Outreach Programs

Bridges picStudents: Maria Diosdado, Keisha Bedwell, Ashley Firasek, Laura Bower

The purpose of this presentation is to describe ways in which the Writing Center (WC) has bridged communication gaps between the WC and students and faculty of Schreiner University (SU). The focus will be on how and why these bridges have been built, fortified, and/or renovated.

Construction of these bridges has been done through programs such as: Stone Soup, Word of the Day, and informal personal interviews.  Furthermore, a description of how the physical transformation of the WC has aided in bridging the previously discussed communication gap will be presented.  Initially lacking proper advertisement and student flexibility, Stone Soup began building a bridge with the SU community last year. Stone Soup is a program that has provided an important link between writing as a product of composition classes and academic writing as a product of new knowledge and experiences.

Building on commentary obtained at last year’s conference, improvements have been made in order to renovate the outreach program to capitalize on student interests. Word of the Day, a fun interactive game of words is an intranet post linked to the Schreiner One website. It reaches out to students, faculty, and the Schreiner University community daily, encouraging discussion about language and word play.  This post raises our profile within all the disciplines, builds our vocabulary, and creates dialogue on campus.   The idea of interviewing faculty and students concerning Academic Support sprouted from a new tutor that began to question the assumptions and expectations of students and faculty using Academic Support. Primarily from faculty, these interviews were used in determining the role of faculty in Academic Support.

Medical Surrogate Decision Making

Student: Natasha Pepin

It’s a simple concept: sometimes people are bad at making decisions. Often, our bad decisions only hurt ourselves. For example, oftentimes people do not save enough for retirement. However, sometimes people make decisions for others who cannot make decisions for themselves. Many medical decisions are made for people who cannot make those decisions for themselves. Unfortunately people are remarkably bad at predicting the treatment preference that the person would have wanted if able. The current research explores some of the factors involved in some surrogate medical decision-making. Contrary to some theorists, manipulating hope does not necessarily influence surrogates’ decisions. However, these data suggest that those who are more numerate (i.e. have greater ability to understand and reason about statistics) sometimes have different patterns of judgments from those who are not numerate. These results are important for understanding surrogate medical decisions and offer the intriguing possibility of improving surrogate medical decision-making.

Interning at the Pioneer Museum, Fredericksburg, Texas

Students: Lacey LeBleu, Meaghan Jarnecke

Interning at the Pioneer Museum in Fredricksburg during this semester has given Meaghan and I the opportunity to help with multiple projects in the field of History through the education of the museum system.  Though we are working on separate projects, we are both beginning to learn and understand many important aspects of the business side of successfully operating a museum; the field we would both like to enter into in the future. Meaghan is currently working with Dr. James Lindley on a Civil War Post Office project for the Pioneer Museum in correlation to the sesquicentennial anniversary of the Civil War.  I have been working to aid the museum in becoming an audio museum by the writing of scripts to be read by German descendants living in and around Fredericksburg.  We would like to explain the importance of our internships to both the museum and to our futures by explaining the many things we have learned in our short time at the Pioneer Museum.

The Psychological Factors of Joseph Conrad’s Genius

Student: Laura Bower

For some, Joseph Conrad created the pinnacle of what English Literature should be.  The son of an exiled patriot he witnessed both parents’ wasting to death from Tuberculosis by the time he was twelve years old.  Throughout his own life Conrad was sickly and prone to bouts of depression.  In his book Joseph Conrad & Psychological Medicine Martin Bock suggests Conrad’s sickly nature and fear of insanity was the root of his literary genius.  I propose to examine this theory through A Heart of Darkness, with the lens of contemporary psychological theories.

Protesting on Two Fronts

Jana EarwoodStudent: Jana Earwood

Political activism is an essential part of politics and the political system.  Exploring the differences between the political demonstrations in the United States and Germany is imperative in understanding the makeup of different political thoughts inherent to each country.  The propensity for involvement in each country will be explored.  Which portion of the population in the respective country is most likely to be involved in civic action will be discussed.  The differences in political issues that gain popular public support will be analyzed.  The similarities and differences in the cultural outlooks for each country will be evaluated.  To be politically engaged in the political process one must believe in the process.  There are variables that affect the belief in the process, these variables will be explored.

The student led protests in Germany were clearly defined.  The protesters had a clear agenda:  they did not want an increase in tuition.  These students organized themselves into an intimidating force.  These protests were seen as a means of accomplishing a certain task.  It was efficient and effective.  These students were able to get their issue on the ballots and it was voted on. American students would not think of protesting the tuition rates.  The fundamental difference is American students are accustomed to paying for their education.  The student led protests in the United States were vaguely defined.  The Occupy Wallstreet Movement became defined by the chaos it created.  Instead of being single issued they were inundated by various issues.  They were unable to accomplish their goals and they alienated those who could have helped the movement.  The Occupy Movement was primarily known as a destructive force.  Never has an American protest movement had such a powerful number and accomplish so little. The fundamental difference in this movement and German movements is its  inefficiency.

Drug War, Violence, and Trafficking: Issues in China, Mexico, and the United States

Students: Patricia Arreola, Teresa Gaitan, Lionel Garcia, Manuel Hurtado, Trevor Brown

Mexico’s war on drug has been a very significant issue that exploded during Ex-President Calderon’s presidency. The war on drugs has affected Mexico’s economy, social peace and citizen’s wellbeing. Felipe Calderon took office in 2006, and “since then, more than 40,000 people have been killed in drug-related violence.” (Seelke, 2013)  Not only that, but many of these drugs have crossed the border onto American soil. “Mexico is a major producer and supplier to the U.S. market of heroin, methamphetamine, and marijuana and the major transit country for more than 95% of the cocaine sold in the United States.”(Seelke, 2013) The Chinese have involvement in the products they export to Mexico that is distributed to the United States. According to Niklas Swanström of Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, “Mexico imports precursors from China to sustain the domestic meth production that is exported to the U.S.”( Swanström,2006) Drug traffickers have made routes throughout the United States to import drugs from Mexico, enabling more and more U.S. drug using citizens to purchase drugs smuggled into the United States that is profited by the cartel. The U.S. state department stated “that U.S. drug users send between $19 and $29 billion annually into the coffers of Mexican drug cartels.” (Rawlins, 2013) The United States efforts to help stop the war on drugs has been very limited and need to take greater actions in decreasing the violence and trafficking that has grown over it boarder. Our proposal is to research the problems drug cartels have brought to the country of Mexico, China and the United States. Also to find solutions to how they can help each other to stop the violence and the trafficking before it becomes an even greater issue in the countries.

Your Brain on Creativity

Alexandra WrightStudent: Alexandra Wright

The objectives of this research project are to uncover and demonstrate the positive correlation and effects of creativity on the human brain and to prove the importance of creativity in an academic setting for enhanced stimulated learning. The first method that will be used to obtain this evidence will include personal research of past studies on the effects of creativity on the brain. The second method will contain a few interviews with a diverse grouping of people including, but not limited to, university administrators, professors using creative methods in their classrooms and those who adhere to more traditional or conservative teaching views.

There are theories in education that propose true learning takes place when different parts of the brain are engaged and that higher intellect and knowledge can only be achieved through a rounded and diverse academic experience. The presentation element of my research I wish to showcase in April will be a type of dialogue between that creative theory, the information I have discovered in my research, and the application of that research in poetry, art, and interactive learning. My goal is to allow the viewers of my presentation to participate throughout while engaging them through a specific creative lens or exercise.  The Poster will initially be a stimulation board that engages the brain and encourages the creative cogwheels. It will include quotations, theories, pictures, and possibly an interactive element will be attached to the poster as well.

In conclusion, my goal for participating in the Schreiner Achievement Showcase for 2013 is to awaken, engage, inform, and inspire creative thinking as a respected and necessary learning practice in not only an academic setting but in life outside of that as well.

Liquid Gold

Students: Emilee Lockridge, Cassey Garza, Michael Huddleston, Josh Azores, Aryel Kelley

Oil has been a growing concern around the world, considering it is one of the major sources for our energy. Everyone in the United States relies on oil in some way or another and typically the average American only thinks about oil in terms of how much is it to fill up their vehicle’s tank. Gas prices have been increasing every year and our consumption of this resource has been steadily increasing as well. The major question we have to ask is how much oil can we extract and when will it run out? Oil is not an unlimited resource and converting oil to energy creates emissions that pollute the environment. Some researchers believe that the increasing amount of oil usage and emission production has been the leading cause of climate change, arguing that the amount of Co^2 produced from oil usage is an extreme risk to our planet’s health.

Originally the main way to extract oil was from ground drilling but now there are new techniques that allow us to extract oil from tar sands where oil exists in locations that were previously to expensive and difficult to extract from. Each barrel of oil extracted produces 200 pounds of sand and an excessive amount of water contaminated with bitumen and cancer causing substances which is released into the environment allowing the water to travel and contaminate the surroundings. This expensive and time consuming method has been very controversial.

Finding a cleaner alternative energy source to replace oil should be the next step in this energy crisis. As well as educating people on alternative energy and the truths about how we are currently extracting oil from various locations. Those are the items to be discussed in our proposal.

Acute Effects of Alcohol Consumption on Contractions of the Muscular System

Students: Joshua Vela, Christopher Bonilla

Alcohol consumption has become a major problem in young adults in knowing their limits. Young adults consume large amounts of alcohol in short periods of time before driving to parties or driving home from the bar. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of alcohol consumption on the muscular system.

Twenty participants (10 for intervention group; 10 for control group) will be recruited from the undergraduate students at Schreiner University via verbal questionnaire. Participants will be randomly divided into either intervention (n=10) or control group (n=10), with a total of 6 weeks research period. Each participant will undergo a series of upper body muscular strength tests using a max push-up test while in a fasted state. Each week (X), the individual consumed 1+X servings of alcohol, progressively up to 5 servings, in one hour then immediately proceeded with their tests. Individuals varied in body composition and race, but received the same serving of alcohol. Participants will be expected to exhibit a decrease in maximal push-up in the intervention group as the weeks go on, while the control group’s maximal push-up values will remain the same.

In sum, this study will indicate a negative effect of alcohol consumption on the human body in regard to the muscular system. These findings indicate that both single bouts of alcohol consumption may have negative implications for aspects of muscular function.

How do flies from different states vary in developing a resistance to Permethrin?

Student: Joanna Avalos

Stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) have a tendency to feed off of cattle. The way they feed is by biting and that irritates the cattle causing them to stomp around and use their energy. With the cattle losing weight, the farmers are losing potential profit. Farmers are using different insecticide and it appears as though it works once and then the flies develop some sort of resistance. In this experiment, I will be testing flies from a couple different states to see if they have a mutation found in the sodium channel for a resistance to permethrin. Permethrin is found in many insecticides to cause the fly to overwhelm itself and eventually die. Test results will be discussed further on and a comparison from all the states will be shown.

Why You Should Say Yes to the Texas Language Consortium

Students: Rene’ Garza, Rebecca Jones

We are a nation of immigrants and take English classes from the time we begin school. We continue to learn about our own language and culture well into adulthood. Our historical disregard for maintaining an educated understanding about other cultures, combined with an expectation for other cultures to embrace ours, limits our ability to lead in a world that embraces the global-brand. We gain respect by showing a desire to comprehend more than ourselves. Schreiner’s vision to equip students with the abilities to achieve, excel, and lead united with the mission to integrate education that prepares students for meaningful work and purposeful lives in a changing global society is confirmed in the initiative to institute a virtual classroom for foreign languages, and to share it with communities across the state.

Institutions that embrace the fact that students want atmosphere, enjoy the Socratic Method, and are fanatical about technology have a leg-up in our new online-world. Students will continue to go where the opportunity, atmosphere, and technology, exist because they value these things as participating members of humankind. People need intelligent interaction and the opportunity to grow. Online interaction does not fulfill this need. But, institutions are taking risks, and they incorporate opportunity by offering classes through a collaboration of specialists. This may help achieve a higher rate of success because students will be more willing to take on the extra workload because a minor is more appealing on a resume than a skill. The demand for global-branding is present and Schreiner can do more than meet it, they can lead it.

Learning French Through Teaching

Presenters: French Class Students

Purpose: In a search for a clear easily understood text, the French class decided creating a text could serve as a solution. It proves difficult to find a text that both moves with the grammatical progress of a class as well as encourages true proficiency in French.   Method: The class selected fifteen topics critical to early learning in French. The class then divided into three groups of four taking one topic per student and creating the lesson for the topic. They also devised one lesson as a group. Each student as well as their group as a whole, created a page for a book on French as a semester project. All students, using a rubric, graded the pages, after oral presentation of each to the class. Students were graded on their analysis also—they were marked down if they failed to note errors and correct them. This aided in analyzing their progress in each topic.

Analysis: The students also generated a specified number of test questions for each lesson. A test derived from these was given to the entire class.  Result: The test will demonstrate a proficiency in beginning French or lack thereof. If it does so, the student’s will publish a hard copy of the book to be used for future classes. The project will help identify problem areas and how to better the instruction in these areas.

No Child Left Behind? A Critical Analysis into the German School System

Germany School picStudents: Karin Roethler, Rafael Nuncio Lappe, Dylan Hunt

In Germany, the educational system differs greatly from that in America; for example, in America everyone is supposed to have equal rights when it comes to public schooling. Certain laws have been put into effect to guarantee this right in America, such as the “No Child Left Behind” Act of 2001. In contrast, the German school system is much more structured towards an elitist system.

Not all children are allowed the same opportunities or advantages in the German educational system. At the fourth grade level, roughly at age eleven, parents are forced to decide the fate of their child’s academic and professional futures. This decision is made by placing the child in one of the following three preparatory schools: Hauptschule, a school which prepares students for careers focused more towards manual labor; Realschule, a school which prepares students for careers in management or office positions; and Gymnasium, a school which prepares top students for a higher education in universities.

During our presentation, we will compare the pedagogy of the German school system to the American school system. We are three separate speakers, and each of us will touch on different aspects of the German school system.  Our research will include interviews from German students and teachers, and our presentation will be followed by a question-and-answer session. The goal of our presentation is to bring some sense of enlightenment about the German educational system to an American audience. By doing this, we hope to bring awareness to any changes that could possibly be made to better our own academic experience.

Journey to Tianjin

Student: Hannah De Jong

Last summer, I volunteered at a handicapped orphanage in Tianjin called Prince of Peace. Many of the children suffer from cerebral palsy and down syndrome. Our group of volunteers painted a mural for the children, taught them English phrases, and most importantly, pioneered the first computer class. Many of the children that are not adopted by the time they turn 18 will be returned to the state orphanage they originally came from. The state orphanage could decide to stop supporting them when they return which is why it is increasingly valuable for the children to began learning skills that will enable to get jobs.

This is also something very close to my heart because I was adopted in an orphanage 2 hours from Tianjin, also the capital of China, Beijing. I consider myself blessed to be adopted at the age of 8 into a loving home and a land of freedom. Having the opportunity to travel back and be able to give back to these children is something I find more rewarding than anything else in my life.  I have traveled to China 3 times beginning in 2008 and recently, this past summer. I plan to go back this summer and continue our computer class program. I believe that our group plays a vital role in preparing the future for these children at Prince of Peace.


Finding the Common Thread: What traits do successful mentors in Equine Assisted Psychotherapy Share?

Student: Laura Bower

Triple-H Equitherapy of Pipe Creek, Texas has combined mentor relationships and horses to create Fear to Responsibility (FTR) a program that uses the empathy of horses and the support of mentors to create a unique Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP) program. Fear to Responsibility is made available to children under court supervision focusing on children from group foster homes, youth who are incarcerated, or youth on probation. In creating this program, Triple-H has thrown a new dynamic into the mentor relationship by adding a 1,000 pound animal, an instructor, and a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC). There are anecdotal as well as scientific documentations that mentor programs and equine therapies are effective in redirecting the lives of Youth considered to be at risk.

There is little research readily available on how to recruit and maintain mentors. The Equitherapy field currently has no research that focuses on the volunteers that make Equine Assisted Therapies successful making volunteer recruitment and retention driven by anecdotal information shared among equitherapy centers. The effects of a failed mentoring relationship in FTR is as damaging as any failed mentor relationships with added deficits of success when a mentor is not effective in facilitating the communication between horse and youth. Current mentor recruitment at Triple-H is best described as an art form with limited reliability.

I am conducting a study to determine what characteristics and traits successful mentors share. The information gathered will be used as a foundation for further study with the intent of developing a reliable instrument for pre-screening mentors to help increase the efficacy of the FTR program.

Effects of Religious Coping and Level of Hope on End-of-Life Decision-Makers

Student: Benjamin Enslow

The respect of patient autonomy is the primary goal of many health care standards and protocols. But new research is questioning the effectiveness of conventional “autonomy-preserving” protocols and even suggests the need for restructure and reevaluation of such measures, such as improvements and additions to the process in appointment of healthcare surrogates for incapacitated patients. Other areas of study are principally concerned with the effects of various demographic and psychosocial factors on end-of-life decision-makers.

Religiosity is one such factor of particular recent interest, with evidence suggesting that it is positively correlated with the preference for and receipt of intensive life-prolonging care at end of life, while being negatively correlated with euthanasia preferences and hospice enrollment.  Studies also report that religiosity directly correlates with coping response and level of hope. Hope, however, remains largely unexamined as a factor in end-of-life decision-making. In this study an online survey was created in which participants were asked to indicate their end-of-life treatment preferences as either a terminally ill patient or as a surrogate decision-maker for a terminally ill loved-one. End-of-life treatment options included life-prolonging choices as well as palliative care options such as active euthanasia. These preferences were compared against the participants’ level of hope and religious coping, as measured by the Herth Hope Index (HHI) and Ways of Religious Coping Scale (WORCS).

Results revealed that higher levels of religious coping and hope correlated negatively with euthanasia preferences within both groups. Furthermore, significant amount of interplay existed between both factors, where the level of religious coping served as a mediator for the level of hope while making end-of-life treatment decisions. The results of this study stand to allow end-of-life decision-makers and their health-care providers to better preserve the autonomy of the terminally ill.

Going the Distance: Group Projects via Live Teleconference

Rene GarzaStudent: Rene’ Garza

Going the Distance: Group Projects via Live Teleconference Schreiner University has been participating in the Texas Language Consortium (TLC) for two semesters. TLC provides a collection of Texas Universities with the opportunity to attend language courses, via live teleconferencing system. Schreiner currently hosts Instructor Silke Feltz’s German 1402 class. The class times and days are the same as any class one would take here on campus. Not only do other universities benefit from this opportunity, but Schreiner students will have the opportunity of attending an array of courses in the fall. The presentation will display how individuals overcame the challenges of long-distance teamwork and two methods of teleconferencing group presentations.

Additionally, we will address areas in need of improvement. Participating Universities Schreiner University: 13 students Lubbock Christian University (LCU) of Lubbock: 3 students Texas Wesleyan University of Fort Worth: 1 student All students attended the Fall 2012 German 1401 class via TLC, except LCU’s Alexandria Stakely who joined this semester. Project Requirements Assignment: Monday Feb 18 Due: Thurs Feb 21 Take an imaginary European vacation with classmates Present entirely in German Under four minutes Present to all attending universities Challenges Possibilities of technical malfunction Limited on-site support Class scheduling conflicts Communication difficulties Jobs outside of school Handout availability Group/Method One Group background LCU: Nicole Kemel, Jana Earwood, & Alexandria Stakely. LCU Spanish Professor, Abraham Matta, has been a valuable contributor during the implementation of the Consortium, proctoring exams, scanning and emailing homework, adding innovative ideas, and providing technical assistance.

Discussion We will show how they addressed challenges through resourcefulness. Group/Method Two Group background Texas Wesleyan’s Katharine (Kati) Sandifar, and Schreiner’s Rebecca (Becca) Jones & Rene’ Garza Discussion We will present, by poster, the process of addressing conflicts, including: communication constraints, scheduling conflicts, & material availability.

The Affect and Impact of E-books at Schreiner University

Amanda LudwigStudent: Amanda Ludwig

Traditional, tangible, hard-copy textbooks are slowly becoming a thing of the past. In place of a textbook is the new and improved e-book, an electronic book in digital format for display on a computer screen or handheld device. Schreiner University has been working to create and implement an e-book policy for textbooks. This policy began in the Fall 2012 Semester as a pilot series for the CHEM 1301 and IDST 1101 classes. As with any new idea, there are varying opinions on the use, affect, and impact of e-books.

Once the students had a full semester’s experience using e-books, the students in both courses were asked to complete a survey in which they answered questions regarding their learning abilities using an e-book, their experience with an e-book, the usefulness of the e-book when studying, and the factors that caused them to purchase an e-book. Aside from the student’s perspective, input was also given by faculty members and staff at Schreiner University on the transfer from traditional textbooks to e-books.

Overall, the results from the survey and from the interactions with the faculty and staff were very interesting and different than expected. In the end, the goal of the research is to better understand the e-book trend as an emerging technology and how the Schreiner community reacts to using e-books.

Drugs In Movies: A thematic analysis of cocaine and heroine use in popular movies

Patrice SullivanStudent: Patrice Sullivan

This research uses a thematic analysis to look at the portrayal of heroin and cocaine use in 6 popular drug themed movies released within the past twenty years. Their popularity was determined by the Internet Movie Database (IMDb) movie ratings.Common themes will be looked for among the movies in scenes that show heroin or cocaine use and will then be broken down into their denotative and connotative meanings.

Denotative describes the neutral meanings that will be derived from the movie scenes by taking note of the location, lighting, number of people in the scene, how much of a drug was used and what kind. Connotative refers to the ideological meaning behind the scenes and will describe what the scene portrays through the use of drugs. The results will then be presented by the common themes found.

Analyzing the Legislative Process of Immigration Reform

Norman Becker GroupStudents: Norman Becker, Kelan Robinson

Legal immigration to the United States has been a prominent issue since the days of the European colonists arriving on the Mayflower, building the foundation of a nation.

Currently, the major point of contention within the political discourse is how the federal government will deal with over 11 million illegal immigrants. We will examine some of the controversial points within the debate of immigration reform by analyzing major ideas and actions that have been put forth by the President and members of Congress. Within this process, the legislative process of how all of these ideas can come together as a bill will be highlighted. The overall objective is to create and discuss a simulated piece of legislation that achieves a reasonable balance in protecting our borders, persevering the rule of law within immigration, and respecting the rights of undocumented immigrants who seek to positively contribute to our society.

Can’t Stop: When Things Get a Bit “Dicey”

Student: Rene’ Garza

Can’t Stop is a fun dice game that is easy to learn, yet difficult to master. There are a variety of strategies and tough decisions to make after each roll of the dice. Is it better to play it safe or push your luck for one more roll? “Go big or Go home” could be heard in the halls during particularly bad runs. What is best for everyone is seldom the majority’s choice, and taking the least amount of risk doesn’t necessarily equate to success.

Through multiple trials and using some basic probability and game theory logic, four students developed unique strategies which resulted in a better understanding of how Game Theory pervades society. The presentation will consist of: ♦ the rules of the game ♦ some of the probabilities involved (simple portrayal) ♦ the unique strategies which evolved ♦ and how game theory played into success

A Discussion on the Quality of Disney Princesses as Role Models for the Girls and Young Women of Today

Rebecca JonesStudent: Rebecca Jones

Over the past 75 years Disney has released numerous animated films, including several films with a Princess as the protagonist. Disney’s aim has been to provide wholesome family entertainment and has been influential in American culture. This presentation will explore the eleven original Disney Princess films, primarily focusing on five of these female protagonists. An analysis of the films and scholarly peer-reviewed articles will provide discussion regarding the quality of the Disney Princesses as role models for girls and young women based on: the characterization of the protagonists (i.e., the way they are animated and their behavior), specifics about the plot, and the lyrics of the songs in each of the films.

The Impact of Heuristics on End-of-Life Care

Student: Daniel Hicks

Surrogates are remarkably bad at deciding the treatment that the patient would have decided if the patient were able—they get it right only about 68% of the time. We must do better. Previous research suggested that in some instances, surrogates use heuristics to make medical decisions. For examples, surrogates tend to “stick” with default treatment settings (Feltz & Samayoa, 2012). But default treatment settings are likely to be irrelevant to what the patient would have decided if the patient were able.

One plausible way to improve surrogate decision-making accuracy is with detailed advance directives. However, we present new evidence suggesting that the same types of heuristic are still likely involved for those who are selecting their treatment preferences via an advance directive (e.g., the Aging with Dignity document). Participants were highly sensitive to default treatment settings when selecting their treatment preferences. Moreover, forced-choice alternatives did not necessarily eliminate the bias. We argue these results pose challenges and opportunities for improving surrogate decision-making.

First, understanding the heuristics and biases that are likely at play in treatment preference selection is an important factor to understand for those who later make decisions based on those selections. For example, when surrogates interpret or “override” those decisions, the defaults can make accurate interpretation of treatment preferences difficult. Second, there is the real opportunity for improving surrogate decision-making accuracy by harnessing those biases and constructing decision environments that are likely to increase surrogate decision-making accuracy.

Novel Grignards: New Methodology Towards An Efficient Route To Fumagillin

ambassador_photo_1213Student: Colby Adolph

Fumagillin, an anti-angiogenesis drug, inhibits the growth of cancerous tumors. The natural product is extracted from the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus in limited quantities, thus a synthesis is desired. Our group previously attempted the synthesis of a Fumagillin subunit starting with commercially available 4-methoxybenzylmagnesium chloride. We decided to modify the Grignard by replacing the para-substituted methoxy ether moiety with a nitro group in hopes that the rearrangement would occur more readily through the corresponding Meissenheimer salt complex.

Six experiments to prepare the Grignard from 4-nitrobenzyl bromide were run using varying parameters. We believed the corresponding Grignard, upon reaction with benzaldehyde, would lead to a direct route of a functional Fumagillin subunit. The Grignard reactions were executed under anhydrous conditions using magnesium activation techniques including: magnesium turning crushing, 1,2-dibromoethane, and iodine. Magnesium-halide exchange (transmetallation) was also attempted between 4-nitrobenzyl bromide and 4-methoxybenzylmagnesium chloride.

Religion, Free Will, and Fate: A Mediation Analysis

Melissa Millan 1Student: Melissa Millan

This study explores a complicated cluster of judgments about free will and moral responsibility. Some people judge that individuals can freely and morally responsibly perform fated actions. This judgment is related to people’s judgments that freedom and moral responsibility are compatible with determinism.

Religiosity is related to both sets of judgments. However, the relation of religious commitment to compatibilist judgments is almost completely mediated by judgments about fated actions. These data are psychologically important for understanding individual differences in judgments about freedom and moral responsibility. They are also important for some philosophical debates about determinism’s relation to freedom and moral responsibility.

Am I dreaming: The Continuity of Personality

Melissa Millan 1Student: Melissa Millan

Who are you? Are you “you” all the time? This study stands to support the hypothesis that personality is enduring not only across time and situations, but also across intrapsychic environments. Support is drawn for this hypothesis by examining the continuous nature of personality in an intrapsychic environment. The intrapsychic environment chosen is the dream world, and the personality factors include locus of control, field (in)dependence, and need for cognition. An analysis of current literature reflects that individuals who frequently have lucid dreams have internal locus of control, field independence, and score higher in need for cognition in waking life.

These facets of an individual’s personality are reflections of the qualities that are necessary to develop lucid dreaming abilities, suggesting that personality transcends into intrapsychic states of awareness. This study provides some clarity on the opaque nature of human personality; a construct that fascinates every society.

Nonverbal Communication in Mitt Romney’s 2012 Campaign for Presidency

marshal_head_shotStudents: Marshal Brown, Crystal Wilson

The goal of this research project is for researchers to identify the effectiveness of Mitt Romney’s oculesics, physical appearance, and kinesics as a presidential candidate. Researchers observed the Second Presidential debate via a video from CNN. The researchers found that while Romney did not win the election, his nonverbal codes still made him an effective presidential candidate.

I Can’t Make Decisions So I Let My T.V. Do It For Me

Student: Emiliano Summerville

I believe the media has a major influence on how we live and think. My presentation will be examining how much the media can have an influence on our politics and public policy. There will be two communication theories I will be looking at to support my analysis. Framing and source like ability. For framing I’ll show that the media will deliver a message on political issues with a bias in order to support a political view. An example is MSNBC being left winged bias and Fox NEWS being right winged bias. Source likeability has to do with the trustworthiness that a person possesses. As viewers we trust these people based on their level of expertise because of they are the national media  stage.

The political issue I will use is gun control because of the recent violence that has happened across the country. We know that the issue is sensitive but important to many. So I will look at interviews where a the guest and host have different political views.  In the interview I will look at the message each one is sending and how they are sending the message. In the end I believe my research will show that the media can have an effect on our politics and that viewers should take a second look at news they receive.